The Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, could both be forced to close if lawmakers don't come to a resolution — potentially hamstringing several interagency efforts, including the Volcker rule and a host of derivatives rules that have yet to be finalized.

The primary banking regulators, including the Federal Reserve Board, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation are all poised to remain open in the event of a shutdown, because none are subject to the federal budget.

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