An Equity Default Swap (EDS) is a derivative contract between two parties - a protection buyer and a protection seller - whereby the former has the right, in exchange for the regular payment of a premium (fixed payment), to receive from the latter a protection amount (floating payment) in case of a "trigger" event.

EDSs are therefore similar to credit default swaps (CDSs), with the only difference being the definition of a trigger event. In an EDS, a protection payment event is not triggered by a credit event as in a CDS, but when the stock price of the reference entity falls below a certain threshold, which is typically relatively low (for instance, 30% of the initial stock price).

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